Monreale Cathedral
the cathedral's exterior

The towers and the western facade

The position of the towers on each side of the main façade of the Monreale Cathedral corresponds, in terms of width and depth, with the measurements of a portico, built at the same time as the church. Due to a collapse, it was replaced by the one we see today, which dates back to 1770.
The imposing appearance of the two buildings already differs from the lower order, which is higher than the one above and originally had no windows.
Moreover, while the latter is made of rusticated work , the upper one, in both towers, is visibly lower and is made of rows of square ashlars , highlighting a recessed structure framed, at the base, by a wide band decorated with inlaid rhombuses. Behind it, there is a pointed window , set in a string course frame which is also present on the other tower, like a mirror image.
Our eyes are drawn to the tallest tower, the one that faces south, distinguishable from its twin by the presence of two further orders that become more narrow in width. Each façade is lightened by the presence of a single lancet window in the first order, overlaid by a double lancet window in the upper order, enclosed by a triple lintel.
A stone spire, struck by lightning and destroyed in 1807, crowned the end of the southern tower.The northern tower appears less slender and lacks lightness in the elevations. Its walls, which house the bells, were added in the 16th century.At the time, the two structures had staircases located within the square-based building structure adjacent to the eastern façade. Using them to reach the upper floors, access was gained through narrow doors, which have now been bricked up, at the sides of the nave and the roofs of the side aisles. Turning our attention away from the massive structure of the two residual towers which, from the end of the 12th century, formed part of the high walls protecting the important buildings, we cannot help but notice the ogival arch decorations on the upper part of the façade above the portico, rebuilt in the 18th century.These ornaments, similar in their attention to detail to those found in the apses were interwoven with the wealth of embroidery, starting from the inner sides of the towers’ second order and extending up to and including the two round arches and the large pointed window in the centre.
The tympanum is more restrained and recent restoration work has brought to light a walled-up pointed window, adorned by a ring of square ashlars inserted between two round, blind windows, which feature the same ornamentation. The construction of the cathedrals was based on a medieval concept, reflected in the similar compositional richness of the exterior of the apses. It was also based on an overall design, with the altar room to the east and the main entrance, which reached a great height, to the west.

 

The Chapel of St. Mary Magdalene

Cefalù: settlement evidence through time

The dialogue between the architectures of the monumental complex

Layers of different cultures decorate the external apses

The southern portico

The columns of the nave: the meticulous study of the overall order

The construction of Monreale Cathedral: between myth and history

Ecclesia munita

Survey of the royal tombs

The area of the Sanctuary

Transformations over the centuries

Thirteenth-century iconography decorates the nave’s wooden ceiling, designed with new solutions

The original design

From the Mosque to the Cathedral

A chapel by an unknown designer based on repeated symmetries

The plasticism of the main portico and Bonanno Pisano’s Monumental Bronze Door

The chapel of the crucifix: an artistic casket based on a previous model

The transformations of the hall through the centuries

The Cathedral over the centuries

The Kings’ Cathedrals

The side Portico: a combination of elegance and lightness of form

The Cefalù cathedral: a construction yard undergoing a change between a surge of faith and control over the territory

The links between the hauteville family and the monastic orders in Sicily

The chorus: beating heart of the cathedral

A remarkable ceiling

The liturgical spaces of the protesis and the diaconicon

A new Cathedral

The longest aisle

The mosaics of the apses

The chapel of san Castrense: an important renaissance work

The cemetery of kings

The chystro: a place between earth and sky

The cultural substrate through time

The marble portal: an intimate dialogue between complex ornamental aspects and formal structure

The Great Restoration

Characteristics of religious architecture in the romanesque period

The paradisiacal “Conca d’oro” that embraces Palermo: a name with countless faces through time

A controversial interpretation

From the main gate to the aisles: an invitation to a journey of faith

Tempus fugit: a strategic project implemented in a short period of time

The king’s mark

A tree full of life

Porphyry sarcophagi: royalty and power

Interior decorations

A polysemy of high-level artistic forms and content

A compositional design that combines nordic examples with new artistic languages, over the centuries

The lost chapel

Palermo: the happiest city

Gardens and architecture as a backdrop to the city of Palermo

A space between the visible and the invisible

Squaring the circle

The balance between architecture and light

The Chapel of the Kings

The towers facing the facade used as bell towers

Under the crosses of the Bema

A cloister of accentuated stylistic variety

The side aisles

A mixture of styles pervades the floor decorations

Roger II’s strategic design

The stone bible

Mosaic decoration

The architectural modifications ti the cathedral building after the death of Roger II and the transformations of the cloister

The rediscovered chapel

The Bible carved in stone

Beyond the harmony of proportions

Norman religious architecture with islamic influences in Sicily

The senses tell Context 1

The towers and the western facade

Biblical themes enlivened by the dazzling light of the stained – glass windows overlooking the naves

Worship services

The Gualtiero Cathedral

Roger II of hauteville: a sovereign protected by God

The mosaics of the presbytery

The Virgin Hodegetria

Artistic elements in Peter’s ship

The beginning of the construction site

The Great Presbytery: a unique space for the cathedral

Two initially similar towers, varied over time

A palimpsest of history

The medieval city amidst monasticism and feudal aristocracy

The chapel of St. Benedict

A Northern population

The decorated facade