Palermo Cathedral
The Context 2

The Gualtiero Cathedral

The cathedral remained unchanged in its structure for almost a hundred years after the arrival of the Normans. During the reign of William II , grandson of Roger II , the church was restored and designed as an ecclesia munita from 1170 onwards,at the behest of Archbishop Gualtiero , a Proto family member of the King. The Cathedral was reopened for worship on April 6, 1185, with a lavish ceremony.
It is probable that the decision to renovate the sacred building was made not only to provide the city with a temple worthy of the kingdom’s capital, but also because of the damage caused to the church by the seismic event of 4 February 1169, known as the “ earthquake of Sant'Agata “, which caused extensive ruin throughout most of Sicily. Palermo Cathedral was rebuilt at the same time as the construction of the Monreale Cathedral, commissioned by William II, as part of his plans to govern the territory by creating emblematic places of worship.
For both sacred buildings, records tell the story of the discovery of a treasure, the one found by the Virgin Mary, who came to William in a dream to facilitate the construction of the Monreale Cathedral, and the one found during the construction of the church of the Holy Spirit , for the renovation of the church in Palermo.

A new Cathedral

A space between the visible and the invisible

Norman religious architecture with islamic influences in Sicily

The rediscovered chapel

A mixture of styles pervades the floor decorations

Cefalù: settlement evidence through time

From the main gate to the aisles: an invitation to a journey of faith

A tree full of life

A Northern population

The southern portico

The decorated facade

The senses tell Context 1

The plasticism of the main portico and Bonanno Pisano’s Monumental Bronze Door

The mosaics of the apses

The transformations of the hall through the centuries

The Chapel of the Kings

The longest aisle

The chystro: a place between earth and sky

Gardens and architecture as a backdrop to the city of Palermo

The Bible carved in stone

The king’s mark

A palimpsest of history

Porphyry sarcophagi: royalty and power

The chorus: beating heart of the cathedral

Worship services

Tempus fugit: a strategic project implemented in a short period of time

The towers facing the facade used as bell towers

The marble portal: an intimate dialogue between complex ornamental aspects and formal structure

The Cathedral over the centuries

The cultural substrate through time

The side Portico: a combination of elegance and lightness of form

From the Mosque to the Cathedral

Two initially similar towers, varied over time

Palermo: the happiest city

Characteristics of religious architecture in the romanesque period

The Kings’ Cathedrals

Biblical themes enlivened by the dazzling light of the stained – glass windows overlooking the naves

The chapel of St. Benedict

The original design

The links between the hauteville family and the monastic orders in Sicily

The columns of the nave: the meticulous study of the overall order

A controversial interpretation

The dialogue between the architectures of the monumental complex

The area of the Sanctuary

The towers and the western facade

Transformations over the centuries

Squaring the circle

Under the crosses of the Bema

The balance between architecture and light

Survey of the royal tombs

The stone bible

The cemetery of kings

The side aisles

The Great Restoration

The lost chapel

The medieval city amidst monasticism and feudal aristocracy

The beginning of the construction site

The chapel of san Castrense: an important renaissance work

The Chapel of St. Mary Magdalene

The liturgical spaces of the protesis and the diaconicon

The Cefalù cathedral: a construction yard undergoing a change between a surge of faith and control over the territory

The Gualtiero Cathedral

The construction of Monreale Cathedral: between myth and history

Interior decorations

The paradisiacal “Conca d’oro” that embraces Palermo: a name with countless faces through time

The mosaics of the presbytery

The chapel of the crucifix: an artistic casket based on a previous model

A remarkable ceiling

Roger II’s strategic design

A chapel by an unknown designer based on repeated symmetries

Layers of different cultures decorate the external apses

Thirteenth-century iconography decorates the nave’s wooden ceiling, designed with new solutions

Ecclesia munita

The Virgin Hodegetria

A compositional design that combines nordic examples with new artistic languages, over the centuries

Mosaic decoration

Artistic elements in Peter’s ship

A polysemy of high-level artistic forms and content

The Great Presbytery: a unique space for the cathedral

Roger II of hauteville: a sovereign protected by God

A cloister of accentuated stylistic variety

The architectural modifications ti the cathedral building after the death of Roger II and the transformations of the cloister

Beyond the harmony of proportions