Palermo Cathedral
The Context 1

Palermo: the happiest city

During the period of Muslim domination of the island, from the ninth to the eleventh century, Palermo was a rich and prosperous capital, with over 350 thousand inhabitants. The city was the third most important throughout the Mediterranean, after the great Cordoba, belonging to the emirate of Spain , and Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire .
In his travel book, the Arab traveler Ibn Hawqal , who visited Sicily in 973, depicts the city as rich in lush gardens, large markets, and a centre of trade and commerce with the entire Mediterranean. He describes the multitude of mosques present in the city and, in particular, the great Gami Mosque (or ‘Friday Mosque’), which was probably built with reference to the great Umayyad Mosque in Damascus , taken as a model for all mosques in the Islamic world.

Biblical themes enlivened by the dazzling light of the stained – glass windows overlooking the naves

The towers facing the facade used as bell towers

Porphyry sarcophagi: royalty and power

Roger II’s strategic design

The decorated facade

The transformations of the hall through the centuries

Palermo: the happiest city

The Cathedral over the centuries

The chorus: beating heart of the cathedral

The liturgical spaces of the protesis and the diaconicon

A compositional design that combines nordic examples with new artistic languages, over the centuries

Survey of the royal tombs

A new Cathedral

Layers of different cultures decorate the external apses

Cefalù: settlement evidence through time

Ecclesia munita

The dialogue between the architectures of the monumental complex

The links between the hauteville family and the monastic orders in Sicily

The Chapel of St. Mary Magdalene

The construction of Monreale Cathedral: between myth and history

The Great Restoration

The paradisiacal “Conca d’oro” that embraces Palermo: a name with countless faces through time

The chystro: a place between earth and sky

A cloister of accentuated stylistic variety

The architectural modifications ti the cathedral building after the death of Roger II and the transformations of the cloister

The side Portico: a combination of elegance and lightness of form

From the main gate to the aisles: an invitation to a journey of faith

Gardens and architecture as a backdrop to the city of Palermo

Tempus fugit: a strategic project implemented in a short period of time

Transformations over the centuries

The Virgin Hodegetria

A polysemy of high-level artistic forms and content

Worship services

Mosaic decoration

Norman religious architecture with islamic influences in Sicily

The Gualtiero Cathedral

The chapel of san Castrense: an important renaissance work

The Kings’ Cathedrals

The beginning of the construction site

The southern portico

Roger II of hauteville: a sovereign protected by God

The side aisles

The columns of the nave: the meticulous study of the overall order

The king’s mark

From the Mosque to the Cathedral

Thirteenth-century iconography decorates the nave’s wooden ceiling, designed with new solutions

Artistic elements in Peter’s ship

A palimpsest of history

The original design

The Great Presbytery: a unique space for the cathedral

A chapel by an unknown designer based on repeated symmetries

A space between the visible and the invisible

A Northern population

A tree full of life

The chapel of the crucifix: an artistic casket based on a previous model

A remarkable ceiling

The longest aisle

Characteristics of religious architecture in the romanesque period

A mixture of styles pervades the floor decorations

The senses tell Context 1

The Cefalù cathedral: a construction yard undergoing a change between a surge of faith and control over the territory

A controversial interpretation

The stone bible

The balance between architecture and light

The chapel of St. Benedict

The cemetery of kings

Beyond the harmony of proportions

The plasticism of the main portico and Bonanno Pisano’s Monumental Bronze Door

Two initially similar towers, varied over time

The Bible carved in stone

The Chapel of the Kings

The mosaics of the apses

The area of the Sanctuary

The towers and the western facade

The rediscovered chapel

Squaring the circle

Interior decorations

The lost chapel

The cultural substrate through time

The medieval city amidst monasticism and feudal aristocracy

Under the crosses of the Bema

The marble portal: an intimate dialogue between complex ornamental aspects and formal structure

The mosaics of the presbytery