The Thermal Baths: between wellness and social relations

In Rome, the system of thermal baths had developed based on the therapeutic knowledge of Galenic medicine, which touted the benefits of sweating alternated with massage and hot and cold ablutions.
Depending on its function, the Roman baths had rooms with different temperatures and sizes.The Calidarium for the hottest part, the Tepidarium and the Frigidarium, the coldest place on the route and the most monumental, if we think of the Baths of Diocletian dating back to 300 AD, where emperors were known to go and mingle with the common folk. At the Villa Romana del Casale, the Frigidarium also incorporated the changing rooms, called Apodyteria . In the bath complex, open to the public, people would socialise in the two pools, still visible today, and perhaps even conclude business. Cold baths were considered to be particularly healing and invigorating. In fact, the two pools would have contained unheated water from pipes connected to the aqueduct. The longest pool, located to the north, was used for free swimming, while the smallest, triapsidal pool was intended for simple immersion.

The Peristyle of the Villa

The composition of the spaces

A dignified setting dedicated to the myth of Arion

A large banquet hall

The Mansio of Sophiana

The Latifundium

The layout of the rooms

The Mansio, a stopping place

A room dedicated to the sea

The public rooms of the Villa

Date Clues

Pars Fructuaria e Pars Rustica

The room of the seasons

A decoration that marks time

The myth of Orpheus