The mosaics of the late antiquity residence

Introduction to the Route

Reconstruction of the events that gave rise to the dynamic architecture of the late antiquity residence and the investigation of its commissioner’s profile have, over time, animated studies conducted by historians and archaeologists, with a formulation of theories that leaves questions unsolved even today.
The itinerary invites us on a journey through time, in some rooms of the Villa Romana, to find revealed or hidden clues relating to the identity of the dominus, present in the iconographies of the mosaic ornaments in the public and private spaces.
Myth and reality merge seamlessly to represent the complexity of the life and activities of an individual of the highest rank, in the late Roman Empire, who skilfully reconciled power and philosophical reflection.

The apotheosis of Hercules

Solemn and majestic architecture to welcome a high-ranking commissioner

A small room represents one of the activities of the thermal bath route

An individual who has attracted the attention of scholars

The protagonists of the mosaic and the military themed frescoes

Worship of the Lares

The mansio of Philosophiana. A stopping place

The senses tell the Vestibule

A small room used as a privileged entrance to the baths

The rural sacrifice

The realistic depiction of a spa procession with a high-ranking female figure

A day of hunting at the villa

The senses tell the Bi-Apsed room

The Latifundium

Outdoor breakfast

An official ceremony to welcome the Dominus

The senses tell the room in the private apartment known as “small hunt”

A hidden meaning

The possible celebration of a solemn event

The catalogue of animals

Is the profile of the dominus hidden among the scenes depicted in the mosaics?

The paths of virus, a reflection of the Dominus

An organic microcosm: the structure of the villa

An eloquent symbol: the signum

The marble from the regions of the empire to decorate the basilica

The senses tell the Basilica

A large colonnaded portico, a place of connection between the rooms

The senses tell the private entrance to the spa

The astral interpretation of the mosaic

The main nuclei of the Domus

The public and private rooms of the villa

The senses tell the monumental entrance

Banquets and panegyrics enlivened the vast hall, against the background of a floor mosaic celebrating the feats of Hercules

The senses tell the Tri-Apsed Triclinium

The senses tell the massage room

The senses tell the frigidarium

The prestige of the dominus is revealed through the wall frescoes

The senses tell the bi-apsed ambulatory – Corridor of the “Great Hunt”

A chariot race, set in the circus Maximus of Rome, connects the villa to the city and centre of power

Semi-public rooms

The late antiquity residence: locus amoenus and centre of administrative activities in the heart of Sicily

The capture of wild animals for the roman amphitheatre games

The protagonists of the mosaics

Form of greeting or ritual?

The senses tell the Quadrangular Peristyle

The senses tell the Sacellum of the Lares

The mosaics of the late antiquity residence

A small room embellished with marble

A line of armed men for an important Dominus

A dialogue between mythological and realistic scenes

A royal room housed the Dominus during his audiences

Auspicious symbols and perhaps the initials of the commissioner’s name decorate the mosaic of the apsidal room

The golden age: hypotheses about the villa’s period of construction and clues

A view of the race from the imperial gallery

High-ranking characters depicted in the mosaics of the apsidal niches of the frigidarium