Context - The territory

The Mansio of Sophiana

The mansio had an articulated structure, similar to that of a small village, the vicus, which was often used to house imperial or military officials in transit who found taverns and workshops, bedrooms, and spacious stables for their steeds.
Often the mansio was also equipped with a thermal bath complex, testifying to the importance of body care for the Romans, even during “business trips”. The only mailing station from the imperial age so far found in Sicily is Sofiana, where thermal bath buildings can be recognised.
The most recent archaeological studies and investigations in the first decade of this century made it possible to recognise the Sophiana site as the site of a medium-sized Roman city.
The urban agglomeration, with regular roads, dwellings and services, expanded around the original nucleus of the mansio, with maximum development around the 4th century AD, in the Constantinian era, after a period of abandonment at the end of the 3rd century, probably due to destructive natural events.

A decoration that marks time

The public rooms of the Villa

Pars Fructuaria e Pars Rustica

The composition of the spaces

The layout of the rooms

A large banquet hall

The room of the seasons

A dignified setting dedicated to the myth of Arion

Date Clues

The Peristyle of the Villa

The myth of Orpheus

The Latifundium

The Mansio, a stopping place

The Mansio of Sophiana

A room dedicated to the sea