Vestibule

The possible celebration of a solemn event

The iconography that unfolds in the centre of the floor of the vestibule is marked by figures in ceremonial dress, intent on receiving an important individual, presumably the dominus of the villa, who would have advanced on horseback from the left, and therefore from the monumental entrance.At first glance, it seems we are witness to a scene of adventus, meaning “arrival”, and specifically indicating an imperial visit to a city. It was a solemn event, governed by a precise ceremonial code for all citizens, who would express their assent to the emperor and encounter a sense of their collective identity. Branches of laurel, olive tree and palm tree, as well as candles and torches became instruments to welcome the emperor, in a blaze of colours and hymns.
A historical comparison, related to sculpture at the time, can be linked to the Arch of Galerius. Its reliefs, dated from between 303 and 304 AD, depict the entrance of the Eastern Caesar, Galerius, welcomed by the people at the gates of the conquered cities.
In the microcosm of the late antiquity residence of Piazza Armerina, the vestibule mosaic could refer to this celebration due to the details of the clothing and the presence of branches, candles and the diptych on which a text may have been written to be recited (panegyric) or sung (hymn) as an acclamation for the dominus.

The catalogue of animals

A view of the race from the imperial gallery

The possible celebration of a solemn event

Outdoor breakfast

High-ranking characters depicted in the mosaics of the apsidal niches of the frigidarium

The golden age: hypotheses about the villa’s period of construction and clues

The Latifundium

Semi-public rooms

The protagonists of the mosaics

The senses tell the room in the private apartment known as “small hunt”

The public and private rooms of the villa

The late antiquity residence: locus amoenus and centre of administrative activities in the heart of Sicily

The marble from the regions of the empire to decorate the basilica

The senses tell the Quadrangular Peristyle

Worship of the Lares

The senses tell the Vestibule

The senses tell the Bi-Apsed room

The senses tell the massage room

The senses tell the bi-apsed ambulatory – Corridor of the “Great Hunt”

A small room embellished with marble

Solemn and majestic architecture to welcome a high-ranking commissioner

The paths of virus, a reflection of the Dominus

An individual who has attracted the attention of scholars

The realistic depiction of a spa procession with a high-ranking female figure

The senses tell the frigidarium

Auspicious symbols and perhaps the initials of the commissioner’s name decorate the mosaic of the apsidal room

A chariot race, set in the circus Maximus of Rome, connects the villa to the city and centre of power

An official ceremony to welcome the Dominus

The protagonists of the mosaic and the military themed frescoes

The prestige of the dominus is revealed through the wall frescoes

A hidden meaning

The main nuclei of the Domus

A small room represents one of the activities of the thermal bath route

A line of armed men for an important Dominus

The mosaics of the late antiquity residence

An eloquent symbol: the signum

A royal room housed the Dominus during his audiences

Form of greeting or ritual?

The capture of wild animals for the roman amphitheatre games

A day of hunting at the villa

The senses tell the monumental entrance

The senses tell the Tri-Apsed Triclinium

Is the profile of the dominus hidden among the scenes depicted in the mosaics?

The astral interpretation of the mosaic

A small room used as a privileged entrance to the baths

The apotheosis of Hercules

The senses tell the Basilica

A large colonnaded portico, a place of connection between the rooms

The rural sacrifice

The mansio of Philosophiana. A stopping place

A dialogue between mythological and realistic scenes

Banquets and panegyrics enlivened the vast hall, against the background of a floor mosaic celebrating the feats of Hercules

An organic microcosm: the structure of the villa

The senses tell the private entrance to the spa

The senses tell the Sacellum of the Lares