Vestibule

An official ceremony to welcome the Dominus

This rectangular space, accessed through a large porticoed courtyard


spread out in a fan shape, opens up to the main rooms of the villa according to the typical tradition of the domus with an atrium and with an atrium and peristyle.
Vitruvius, a Roman architect and writer, in the 1st century BC in De Architectura, already considered it a place for public and not private use and therefore absent from the homes of ordinary people.
The late antiquity residence, introduced by such a majestic entrance, was certainly intended for a dominus with a distinguished profile but the vestibule in this case had a function that was not only official but multi-purpose, as seen in its mosaic decoration.
The celebratory motif depicted in the figurative scene in the centre of the room is contrasted by the presence of a frame of geometric mosaics reminiscent of those on the floor of the courtyard in front of it, which served as a passage area.
The surprising realism of the scene, unfortunately defaced, shows in the foreground of the floor mosaic some figures arranged on various registers, in ceremonial dress and with their hair surrounded by plant crowns, with hairstyles, according to some scholars, that were fashionable in the tetrarchic age. Their faces are slightly oriented to the right of the representation, where it is assumed that the dominus entering on horseback was depicted.

Form of greeting or ritual?

Outdoor breakfast

A day of hunting at the villa

The senses tell the room in the private apartment known as “small hunt”

The apotheosis of Hercules

An official ceremony to welcome the Dominus

A line of armed men for an important Dominus

The senses tell the bi-apsed ambulatory – Corridor of the “Great Hunt”

Banquets and panegyrics enlivened the vast hall, against the background of a floor mosaic celebrating the feats of Hercules

A small room used as a privileged entrance to the baths

The senses tell the Vestibule

The senses tell the Basilica

A large colonnaded portico, a place of connection between the rooms

The senses tell the monumental entrance

The senses tell the Sacellum of the Lares

A small room embellished with marble

The prestige of the dominus is revealed through the wall frescoes

The astral interpretation of the mosaic

The main nuclei of the Domus

The senses tell the massage room

Semi-public rooms

Is the profile of the dominus hidden among the scenes depicted in the mosaics?

A view of the race from the imperial gallery

The senses tell the private entrance to the spa

A royal room housed the Dominus during his audiences

The public and private rooms of the villa

Worship of the Lares

The Latifundium

An individual who has attracted the attention of scholars

A dialogue between mythological and realistic scenes

The possible celebration of a solemn event

The senses tell the Bi-Apsed room

A chariot race, set in the circus Maximus of Rome, connects the villa to the city and centre of power

The golden age: hypotheses about the villa’s period of construction and clues

The senses tell the frigidarium

Solemn and majestic architecture to welcome a high-ranking commissioner

High-ranking characters depicted in the mosaics of the apsidal niches of the frigidarium

Auspicious symbols and perhaps the initials of the commissioner’s name decorate the mosaic of the apsidal room

The marble from the regions of the empire to decorate the basilica

The protagonists of the mosaics

The capture of wild animals for the roman amphitheatre games

The catalogue of animals

The late antiquity residence: locus amoenus and centre of administrative activities in the heart of Sicily

A small room represents one of the activities of the thermal bath route

An eloquent symbol: the signum

An organic microcosm: the structure of the villa

The rural sacrifice

The realistic depiction of a spa procession with a high-ranking female figure

The senses tell the Quadrangular Peristyle

The mosaics of the late antiquity residence

A hidden meaning

The senses tell the Tri-Apsed Triclinium

The protagonists of the mosaic and the military themed frescoes

The mansio of Philosophiana. A stopping place

The paths of virus, a reflection of the Dominus