Private entrance to the baths

The realistic depiction of a spa procession with a high-ranking female figure

The choice of subjects and scenes that animate the floor decorations of the Villa Romana del Casale is not random. A precise iconographic program was skilfully translated by groups of workers, even from North Africa, who used their knowledge to enrich the models already used by mosaicists on the island. At the centre of the mosaic, a woman of high social class, perhaps the lady of the house, wears a long draped dress. The type of helmet-shaped style her brown hair is gathered into reveals the typical fashion in vogue during the tetrarchic period.Next to her are two young men with long blonde hair. The most common hypothesis is that they are her children, or perhaps Germanic servants, who would have exalted her beauty. At the edges of the group, there are two handmaids carrying the objects necessary for the thermal bath, such as boxes to contain clothes, ointments and perfumes.

A chariot race, set in the circus Maximus of Rome, connects the villa to the city and centre of power

A small room embellished with marble

The mosaics of the late antiquity residence

The realistic depiction of a spa procession with a high-ranking female figure

The catalogue of animals

Form of greeting or ritual?

The apotheosis of Hercules

The late antiquity residence: locus amoenus and centre of administrative activities in the heart of Sicily

The golden age: hypotheses about the villa’s period of construction and clues

The marble from the regions of the empire to decorate the basilica

The senses tell the private entrance to the spa

The astral interpretation of the mosaic

Worship of the Lares

A dialogue between mythological and realistic scenes

An official ceremony to welcome the Dominus

The senses tell the Vestibule

The protagonists of the mosaic and the military themed frescoes

The senses tell the Quadrangular Peristyle

Semi-public rooms

An eloquent symbol: the signum

Solemn and majestic architecture to welcome a high-ranking commissioner

The senses tell the frigidarium

The senses tell the Basilica

The Latifundium

A small room represents one of the activities of the thermal bath route

Banquets and panegyrics enlivened the vast hall, against the background of a floor mosaic celebrating the feats of Hercules

A royal room housed the Dominus during his audiences

The senses tell the bi-apsed ambulatory – Corridor of the “Great Hunt”

The paths of virus, a reflection of the Dominus

The prestige of the dominus is revealed through the wall frescoes

A large colonnaded portico, a place of connection between the rooms

The public and private rooms of the villa

The senses tell the monumental entrance

Outdoor breakfast

The senses tell the Tri-Apsed Triclinium

A day of hunting at the villa

The senses tell the massage room

A line of armed men for an important Dominus

An organic microcosm: the structure of the villa

The capture of wild animals for the roman amphitheatre games

The rural sacrifice

The protagonists of the mosaics

An individual who has attracted the attention of scholars

The mansio of Philosophiana. A stopping place

The senses tell the Bi-Apsed room

The main nuclei of the Domus

A small room used as a privileged entrance to the baths

The possible celebration of a solemn event

A view of the race from the imperial gallery

The senses tell the Sacellum of the Lares

The senses tell the room in the private apartment known as “small hunt”

High-ranking characters depicted in the mosaics of the apsidal niches of the frigidarium

Auspicious symbols and perhaps the initials of the commissioner’s name decorate the mosaic of the apsidal room

A hidden meaning

Is the profile of the dominus hidden among the scenes depicted in the mosaics?