The thermal baths

A dialogue between mythological and realistic scenes

The thermal bath areas that can be accessed from the passage area of the biapsidal hall start from the frigidarium, a space dedicated to cold baths, with an octagonal plan around which is arranged a Corinthian order colonnade that would have supported the trabeation and a dome, probably with an opening in the centre, which let in rainwater. All the walls of the frigidarium were lined with marble crustae , which also denoted its public use.
The healing and invigorating baths took place in the two swimming pools to the north and south used for swimming and immersion respectively.The elegance of the thermal bath environment is shown not only in the rich architectural structure and coverings, but also in the mosaics that adorn the floor of the octagon, enlivened by a brightly coloured marine thiasos with mermen, nereids and fisherman erotes.The fantastic mythological scene is enclosed by six apsidal niches with realistic themed depictions of mutatio vestis, or changing of clothes.

The senses tell the Sacellum of the Lares

The senses tell the Quadrangular Peristyle

A small room embellished with marble

The golden age: hypotheses about the villa’s period of construction and clues

Banquets and panegyrics enlivened the vast hall, against the background of a floor mosaic celebrating the feats of Hercules

The senses tell the private entrance to the spa

The senses tell the bi-apsed ambulatory – Corridor of the “Great Hunt”

The astral interpretation of the mosaic

The senses tell the room in the private apartment known as “small hunt”

The catalogue of animals

The senses tell the Tri-Apsed Triclinium

The mosaics of the late antiquity residence

The protagonists of the mosaic and the military themed frescoes

An eloquent symbol: the signum

The senses tell the monumental entrance

Semi-public rooms

The apotheosis of Hercules

Auspicious symbols and perhaps the initials of the commissioner’s name decorate the mosaic of the apsidal room

High-ranking characters depicted in the mosaics of the apsidal niches of the frigidarium

Worship of the Lares

A small room used as a privileged entrance to the baths

The senses tell the Vestibule

The realistic depiction of a spa procession with a high-ranking female figure

An official ceremony to welcome the Dominus

An organic microcosm: the structure of the villa

The rural sacrifice

The senses tell the Bi-Apsed room

The public and private rooms of the villa

Solemn and majestic architecture to welcome a high-ranking commissioner

The capture of wild animals for the roman amphitheatre games

A day of hunting at the villa

Outdoor breakfast

The marble from the regions of the empire to decorate the basilica

A royal room housed the Dominus during his audiences

A hidden meaning

A small room represents one of the activities of the thermal bath route

The late antiquity residence: locus amoenus and centre of administrative activities in the heart of Sicily

The protagonists of the mosaics

A large colonnaded portico, a place of connection between the rooms

A line of armed men for an important Dominus

A chariot race, set in the circus Maximus of Rome, connects the villa to the city and centre of power

The paths of virus, a reflection of the Dominus

The main nuclei of the Domus

The Latifundium

An individual who has attracted the attention of scholars

Is the profile of the dominus hidden among the scenes depicted in the mosaics?

The senses tell the frigidarium

A view of the race from the imperial gallery

The possible celebration of a solemn event

The prestige of the dominus is revealed through the wall frescoes

The senses tell the Basilica

A dialogue between mythological and realistic scenes

The senses tell the massage room

Form of greeting or ritual?

The mansio of Philosophiana. A stopping place