Triapsidal Triclinium

A large banquet hall

The banquets of the ancient Romans were particularly refined and celebrated the prestige of those who organised them, sometimes in a sumptuous and spectacular way.
In addition to being moments of leisure and pleasure accompanied by dances and readings of epic poems during the symposium , they also had an important social function by fostering political and business alliances between one course and another. A meticulous re-enactment of this context can be found in Trimalchio’s feast . The name of this room – triclinium – derives from the lectus triclinaris , or klinai, the small bed on which the Romans, inspired by Greek and Etruscan customs, used to eat their meals.The Triclinium of the Villa Romana del Casale, a building connected to the ovoid portico by a marble-clad staircase, consists of a square hall onto which open three large apses , originally introduced by columns.The vast hall is decorated with mosaics that narrate three cycles of Greek-Roman mythology: the twelve labours of Hercules (central hall); Gigantomachy in the eastern apse; the myth of Lycurgus and Ambrosia in the southern apse, and the myth of Marsyas in the northern apse.

The composition of the spaces

The Peristyle of the Villa

The room of the seasons

A large banquet hall

A room dedicated to the sea

The Mansio, a stopping place

The myth of Orpheus

Pars Fructuaria e Pars Rustica

The layout of the rooms

The Latifundium

A decoration that marks time

The Mansio of Sophiana

The public rooms of the Villa

Date Clues

A dignified setting dedicated to the myth of Arion