Triapsidal Triclinium

A large banquet hall

The banquets of the ancient Romans were particularly refined and celebrated the prestige of those who organised them, sometimes in a sumptuous and spectacular way.
In addition to being moments of leisure and pleasure accompanied by dances and readings of epic poems during the symposium , they also had an important social function by fostering political and business alliances between one course and another. A meticulous re-enactment of this context can be found in Trimalchio’s feast . The name of this room – triclinium – derives from the lectus triclinaris , or klinai, the small bed on which the Romans, inspired by Greek and Etruscan customs, used to eat their meals.The Triclinium of the Villa Romana del Casale, a building connected to the ovoid portico by a marble-clad staircase, consists of a square hall onto which open three large apses , originally introduced by columns.The vast hall is decorated with mosaics that narrate three cycles of Greek-Roman mythology: the twelve labours of Hercules (central hall); Gigantomachy in the eastern apse; the myth of Lycurgus and Ambrosia in the southern apse, and the myth of Marsyas in the northern apse.

Date Clues

The Mansio, a stopping place

Pars Fructuaria e Pars Rustica

The Peristyle of the Villa

The public rooms of the Villa

A decoration that marks time

The layout of the rooms

A dignified setting dedicated to the myth of Arion

A room dedicated to the sea

The myth of Orpheus

The composition of the spaces

The Mansio of Sophiana

The Latifundium

A large banquet hall

The room of the seasons