Basilica

A royal room housed the Dominus during his audiences

At the centre of the eastern side of the ambulacrum of the “great hunt”, in correspondence with the mosaic scene relating to the “land between two seas”, which symbolises Rome, the unifying city of peoples, is the entrance to a grandiose rectangular apsidal hall .

The basilica is considered to be the most important place of reception, for public use, used for audiences of the dominus during his official duties. The rectangular hall consists of polychrome marble slabs, only partly preserved, divided into seven bands with an east-to-west orientation. These contain squares and rectangles of different sizes and alternate with narrower aisles, mostly of solid-coloured alabaster. In the centre of the hall, a square with concentric circles placed inside it breaks the regularity of the pattern. In the apse , along the midline, a second square larger than the first is visible.
Opposite the assumed position of the seat, there is a circular inlay that would have housed a porphyry rota , of which only a few parts remain.Porphyry, a precious marble, not only had an imperial use, but was also widespread in private residences with a public character.
A decoration with gilded mosaic tiles and glassy paste covered the vertical surface of the apsidal vault , which housed the seat, underlining the authority of the dominus.
According to some scholars, the apse contained in the niche, a lost statue of Hercules , whose divine virtues were symbolically transferred to the dominus of the villa.

The catalogue of animals

The senses tell the room in the private apartment known as “small hunt”

A hidden meaning

The mosaics of the late antiquity residence

The senses tell the monumental entrance

The public and private rooms of the villa

A small room represents one of the activities of the thermal bath route

A day of hunting at the villa

Is the profile of the dominus hidden among the scenes depicted in the mosaics?

The astral interpretation of the mosaic

Form of greeting or ritual?

The senses tell the Bi-Apsed room

A small room embellished with marble

A chariot race, set in the circus Maximus of Rome, connects the villa to the city and centre of power

A royal room housed the Dominus during his audiences

The possible celebration of a solemn event

The rural sacrifice

The prestige of the dominus is revealed through the wall frescoes

Worship of the Lares

The senses tell the Vestibule

A view of the race from the imperial gallery

Auspicious symbols and perhaps the initials of the commissioner’s name decorate the mosaic of the apsidal room

The paths of virus, a reflection of the Dominus

A large colonnaded portico, a place of connection between the rooms

The protagonists of the mosaics

The senses tell the massage room

Solemn and majestic architecture to welcome a high-ranking commissioner

The marble from the regions of the empire to decorate the basilica

The senses tell the Sacellum of the Lares

The golden age: hypotheses about the villa’s period of construction and clues

The late antiquity residence: locus amoenus and centre of administrative activities in the heart of Sicily

The senses tell the private entrance to the spa

The protagonists of the mosaic and the military themed frescoes

The senses tell the Quadrangular Peristyle

The apotheosis of Hercules

A dialogue between mythological and realistic scenes

An official ceremony to welcome the Dominus

The Latifundium

The capture of wild animals for the roman amphitheatre games

The senses tell the Tri-Apsed Triclinium

A small room used as a privileged entrance to the baths

The senses tell the bi-apsed ambulatory – Corridor of the “Great Hunt”

The main nuclei of the Domus

Banquets and panegyrics enlivened the vast hall, against the background of a floor mosaic celebrating the feats of Hercules

High-ranking characters depicted in the mosaics of the apsidal niches of the frigidarium

The mansio of Philosophiana. A stopping place

An individual who has attracted the attention of scholars

An organic microcosm: the structure of the villa

Outdoor breakfast

An eloquent symbol: the signum

The realistic depiction of a spa procession with a high-ranking female figure

A line of armed men for an important Dominus

The senses tell the Basilica

Semi-public rooms

The senses tell the frigidarium