The context

Volcanoes

A volcano is the surface manifestation of magma, i.e. molten rock mixed with gas and vapour, at high temperatures. After its eruption on the surface, the molten material is called lava. When lava solidifies, it usually accumulates to form a volcanic structure.
Struttura di un vulcano

The most important parts of a volcano are:

  • The crater: the open end at the surface of the volcanic vent, from which lava flows out or from which explosions occur;
  • The volcanic cone (or structure): consists of layers of lava and alternating solidified explosive products.
  • The volcanic vent: connects the external structure with the magma chamber.

The magma chamber: an area within the Earth where magma accumulates. Lava differs from volcano to volcano, especially in chemical composition, gas content and temperature.
These factors affect the viscosity of magma and therefore the speed at which the lava flows.
The solid fragments that are thrown out by a volcano are called pyroclastic products , and have very variable dimensions: volcanic ash; lapilli; volcanic bombs.

The fumaroles of the port of Vulcano

Lipari at the centre of Mediterranean history

The senses tell the port of Vulcano

The senses tell The prehistoric village of Cala Junco

The Aeolian Islands, where volcanoes were first studied

Seven islands with different faces

The senses tell The summit craters

Pollara, between poetry and beauty

The Stacks of Panarea

Lipari, where history intertwines with volcanoes to create archaeology

Myths and legends about volcanoes

At the heart of trade in history

The Sciara del Fuoco

Where do Vulcano’s gases come from?

Filicudi, a submerged paradise

Alicudi, where time has stood still

The salt lake of Lingua

The Village of Capo Graziano

The senses tell the Lipari Castle

The ancient production of salt

Wine, oil and capers, masterpieces of nature and launching pad of the Aeolian economy

The Cathedral of Lipari and the Norman Cloister of the Benedictine Monastery

Stromboli, the volcano that breathes

Salina, the green island with twin mountains

Filicudi: small island, big history

The senses tell The Gran Cratere of the Fossa

Volcanoes

Panarea, the island of Stacks

The malleability of Vulcano’s mud

The senses tell Alicudi

The hidden part of the Aeolian Islands

The senses tell The Stacks of Panarea

The pure white of the pumice quarries

Lipari Castle, “fused” with lava

The summit craters

Seven islands, dozens of volcanoes

The prehistoric village of Cala Junco

Vulcano, the most famous volcano in the world

The Gran Cratere of the Fossa

The polis of the living and the necropolis of the dead