The 2002-03 eruption

The Sciara del Fuoco is the only place, at least during the last 2000 years, where the explosion products from the Stromboli summit craters accumulate.
In fact, the latter are not perfectly centred in the volcanic cone, but a little further north, right at the top of the Sciara del Fuoco. Since it is a very steep slope, the blocks, bombs and lapilli emitted during the explosions roll down and fall back into the sea.
The same thing, however, also happens when one or more lava flows are emitted from the summit craters: they begin to flow on top of the loose material of the Sciara and often reach the sea.
Below the sea’s surface, the volcano maintains its conical shape. Therefore, the products can continue “rolling” or sinking slowly. This happened during the eruptions of 2002-03, 2007 and 2014.
However, the 2002-03 eruption of Stromboli was a turning point in the perception of volcanic risk, at least for this volcano. In fact, at the end of 2002, lava flowed on top of the Sciara del Fuoco, reaching the sea and continuing to sink into the submerged part of the Sciara. However, if you try to put a rigid and very heavy mass on top of a very steep slope of sand and loose material, sooner or later you can expect landslides. This situation occurred on 30 December 2002, when a large block of the Sciara del Fuoco collapsed below sea level, pulling part of the Sciara above sea level with it.
This landslide caused a small tsunami , which hit the seafront of the town of Stromboli, but it was also recorded along the Tyrrhenian coast of Calabria and Sicily.

The summit craters

Seven islands, dozens of volcanoes

Myths and legends about volcanoes

The ancient production of salt

Tsunamis: a not uncommon phenomenon in Stromboli

How pumice is formed

Stromboli, the volcano that breathes

The stacks of Panarea

The senses tell The summit craters

Salina, the green island with twin mountains

The senses tell The salt lake of Lingua

The senses tell The Sciara del Fuoco

The 2002-03 eruption

The prehistoric village of Cala Junco

The polis of the living and the necropolis of the dead

Where do Vulcano’s gases come from?

The malleability of Vulcano’s mud

Panarea, where sea and volcanoes become sculptors

The pure white of the pumice quarries

The Cathedral of Lipari and the Norman Cloister of the Benedictine Monastery

The Sciara del Fuoco

“Vulcanian” eruptions

Malvasia delle Lipari DOC

Between brush strokes of sulphur and clouds of steam: the fumaroles of the port of Vulcano

Panarea and its history

The salt lake of Lingua

The Thermal Baths of Saint Calogerus

The underwater morphological elements of the Aeolian Islands

The senses tell The Pumice Quarries of Lipari

Lipari Castle, “fused” with the lava

Stories of the sea and shipwrecks. The wrecks of the Aeolian Islands

Volcanoes as a natural art form

Lipari, where history intertwines with volcanoes to create archaeology

The senses tell The Village of Capo Graziano

“Strombolian” activity in the place where its definition was born

The Aeolian Islands, where volcanology was born

Filicudi: small island, big history

Filicudi, a submerged paradise

The Village of Capo Graziano

At the heart of trade in history

The senses tell The Stacks of Panarea

Pollara, between poetry and beauty

Alicudi, where time has stood still

Lipari at the centre of Mediterranean history

The underwater fumarolic activity of Lisca Bianca

The Gran Cratere of the Fossa: when the volcano becomes a sculptor

The hidden part of the Aeolian Islands

Vulcano, the youngest of the Aeolian works of art