Vulcano

Vulcano, the youngest of the Aeolian works of art

The Island of Vulcano is a perfect example of how the shapes and colours created by its magmatic nature change over time. It is one of the youngest of the Aeolian Islands, as subaerial activity began “only” 127,000 years ago. In this “brief” time, however, several volcanic structures overlapped, with the main emission centre gradually moving northwards.

Il Gran Cratere de La Fossa
The subject of the photo is the Gran Cratere de La Fossa, located in the center. In the lower foreground there is the tree-lined and semi-circular plain of the Vulcanello peninsula. It is connected from the rest of the island with a sandy isthmus, which appears in the central vertical position and to the right of the photo, with the sea touching both sides and above the houses of the port of Vulcano. The Gran Cratere de La Fossa is in the central vertical portion of the photo, under a blue sky. Almost up to the top it has small shrubs that make it green, while its circular top, being a crater, is ocher yellow. In the background you can see the southern portion of the island of Vulcano.

One of the main characteristics of Vulcano’s magmatic system is the formation of a caldera collapse at the end of the activity of each eruptive centre.
Volcanic activity above sea level began in the current south-western part of the island, with the formation of a volcanic cone. Its collapse led to the formation of the Caldera del Piano, one of island’s the most important morphological elements. Around 78,000 years ago the eruptions moved northwards, to the area where the Fossa cone is present today, with the formation of several small eruptive centres.
Finally, the current Fossa cone began to form around 8,000 years ago, with a series of volcanic eruptions often accompanied by small lava flows. This intense volcanic activity, combined with the constant fumarolic activity present in the Gran Cratere of La Fossa, fed the myth of Hephaestus during Greek and Roman times, and many other legends in later centuries. The last eruption from 1888-90 was also characterised by vulcanian eruptions: this was one of the first eruptions in the world to be observed and studied in first person, by the scientist Giuseppe Mercalli.
Together with Etnean volcanologist Orazio Silvestri, he studied the eruptive mechanisms and the chemical-physical characteristics of Vulcano’s magma.

The underwater fumarolic activity of Lisca Bianca

Lipari Castle, “fused” with the lava

The Thermal Baths of Saint Calogerus

Vulcano, the youngest of the Aeolian works of art

The summit craters

“Vulcanian” eruptions

The senses tell The Stacks of Panarea

The underwater morphological elements of the Aeolian Islands

Seven islands, dozens of volcanoes

The Aeolian Islands, where volcanology was born

The malleability of Vulcano’s mud

The ancient production of salt

The 2002-03 eruption

Panarea, where sea and volcanoes become sculptors

“Strombolian” activity in the place where its definition was born

The senses tell The Village of Capo Graziano

Panarea and its history

The senses tell The Pumice Quarries of Lipari

The senses tell The Sciara del Fuoco

The senses tell The summit craters

The hidden part of the Aeolian Islands

Myths and legends about volcanoes

Pollara, between poetry and beauty

The Cathedral of Lipari and the Norman Cloister of the Benedictine Monastery

Alicudi, where time has stood still

Stromboli, the volcano that breathes

The senses tell The salt lake of Lingua

The prehistoric village of Cala Junco

The Gran Cratere of the Fossa: when the volcano becomes a sculptor

The salt lake of Lingua

Volcanoes as a natural art form

The pure white of the pumice quarries

Between brush strokes of sulphur and clouds of steam: the fumaroles of the port of Vulcano

Salina, the green island with twin mountains

Lipari at the centre of Mediterranean history

Malvasia delle Lipari DOC

Filicudi, a submerged paradise

At the heart of trade in history

Tsunamis: a not uncommon phenomenon in Stromboli

Filicudi: small island, big history

The Sciara del Fuoco

Where do Vulcano’s gases come from?

Stories of the sea and shipwrecks. The wrecks of the Aeolian Islands

The stacks of Panarea

The Village of Capo Graziano

How pumice is formed

The polis of the living and the necropolis of the dead

Lipari, where history intertwines with volcanoes to create archaeology