The Neapolis

The senses tell the Roman Amphitheater

The gladiatoria sagina, the gladiators’ diet

Within the familiae managed by “ludisti”, the gladiators followed the gladiatoria sagina: a satisfactory diet, evidently aimed at improving their physical performance.
This diet included many plants such as legumes, grains, onions, garlic, fennel seeds, fruit and dried figs, and was poor in meat but rich in dairy products, oil, honey and watered-down wine.
The evening before the arena battles, the gladiators took part in a rich banquet, a free dinner, which could even be attended by the most avid “fans”.
During this meal, to gain energy, gladiators usually ate spiced barley flat breads sprinkled with honey and drank fenugreek infusions with strengthening properties.

Gladiator shows with horns, tubas and lutes

In Roman times music played an important role in circus games, gladiator ludi and battles.
Often the performances in the Roman Amphitheatre began with a procession enlivened by wind instruments such as the horn and the organ, specifically the hydraulis, the water organ.
The fights began with encouragement from the audience, shouting, claps and chanting, like modern fans, while percussion instruments such as drums distinctly marked the rhythm in moments of particular tension during the fights.

The Church of St. Lucia to the Abbey

Roman Syracuse, a military power thanks to the genius of Archimedes

The Venationes

Neapolis from past to present

Castello Maniace

Where seas and civilisations meet

The Senatorial Palace

The Greek Theatre of Syracuse

Legends and magic echoes in the Latomie of Syracuse

Inside the Cathedral of Ortygia

Temple of Apollo

Byzantine Pantalica

The Gladiator performances

The Euryalus Fortress

The architecture of the Piazza

Piazza del Duomo, a sacred place of the ancient Greeks

The catacombs of San Giovanni

The functions of Castello Maniace

The Cathedral of Syracuse

Crypt of San Marciano

Giudecca, the hidden Jewish heart of Syracuse

The Athenaion of the tyrant Gelon

The Culture of Pantalica

Syracuse during the tyranny of Dionysius

The Dionysian Walls: a masterpiece of Greek engineering

The Jews, a wandering people

The Ear of Dionysius and the Grotta dei Cordari

The cultural significance of tragedy

The Church of San Giovanni alle Catacombe

Traces of Christianity in Syracuse

The Museion and the Grotta del Ninfeo

The Spanish fortification

Ortygia. Venus rising from the waters of the port

Pantalica: where nature and history merge

The Altar of Hieron II: Blood and fire place

The Roman Amphitheatre

King Hyblon’s kingdom: Pantalica, between history and legend