The Neapolis

The senses tell the Roman Amphitheater

The gladiatoria sagina, the gladiators’ diet

Within the familiae managed by “ludisti”, the gladiators followed the gladiatoria sagina: a satisfactory diet, evidently aimed at improving their physical performance.
This diet included many plants such as legumes, grains, onions, garlic, fennel seeds, fruit and dried figs, and was poor in meat but rich in dairy products, oil, honey and watered-down wine.
The evening before the arena battles, the gladiators took part in a rich banquet, a free dinner, which could even be attended by the most avid “fans”.
During this meal, to gain energy, gladiators usually ate spiced barley flat breads sprinkled with honey and drank fenugreek infusions with strengthening properties.

Gladiator shows with horns, tubas and lutes

In Roman times music played an important role in circus games, gladiator ludi and battles.
Often the performances in the Roman Amphitheatre began with a procession enlivened by wind instruments such as the horn and the organ, specifically the hydraulis, the water organ.
The fights began with encouragement from the audience, shouting, claps and chanting, like modern fans, while percussion instruments such as drums distinctly marked the rhythm in moments of particular tension during the fights.

Neapolis from past to present

The Altar of Hieron II: Blood and fire place

Roman Syracuse, a military power thanks to the genius of Archimedes

Byzantine Pantalica

The Culture of Pantalica

Traces of Christianity in Syracuse

King Hyblon’s kingdom: Pantalica, between history and legend

The Church of San Giovanni alle Catacombe

Temple of Apollo

The Athenaion of the tyrant Gelon

The cultural significance of tragedy

Inside the Cathedral of Ortygia

The Ear of Dionysius and the Grotta dei Cordari

The Spanish fortification

Syracuse during the tyranny of Dionysius

Giudecca, the hidden Jewish heart of Syracuse

The Venationes

Piazza del Duomo, a sacred place of the ancient Greeks

Crypt of San Marciano

The Jews, a wandering people

The catacombs of San Giovanni

The Roman Amphitheatre

The Cathedral of Syracuse

Pantalica: where nature and history merge

The architecture of the Piazza

The Church of St. Lucia to the Abbey

The Gladiator performances

Castello Maniace

Ortygia. Venus rising from the waters of the port

The Euryalus Fortress

The Dionysian Walls: a masterpiece of Greek engineering

The functions of Castello Maniace

The Senatorial Palace

The Greek Theatre of Syracuse

Where seas and civilisations meet

The Museion and the Grotta del Ninfeo

Legends and magic echoes in the Latomie of Syracuse