The system of fortifications from land to sea

The Euryalus Fortress

The Euryalus Fortress crowned the grandiose defensive system erected by Dionysius I between 402 and 397 BC. The fortress, which occupied around 15,000 square metres, was equipped with a system of three moats that barred access to the castle.
Consisting of a trapezium-shaped keep protected by five towers, the construction had several strategic elements that were intended to take any attackers by surprise. The only access point (called the Tryolon because it consisted of three gates) was hidden by ingenious architecture that prevented it from being seen.
The castle was traversed by a series of tunnels and underground trenches , which allowed soldiers to move quickly from one side of the fortress to the other without being seen.
resti Castello Eurialo The watchtower was also the nucleus of the defensive system, since it served as a storehouse for weapons and supplies and as a link to every point of the fortress.
Inside the defensive complex, there were also some service areas for soldiers and infantry, such as kitchens, lodgings and warehouses.
In the middle of a large courtyard there were two tanks for water supply in case of siege. The five square towers, at least 15 metres high and crowned by crenellations and lionheaded drainpipes, were probably used as a platform for catapults .
In this period the city of Syracuse was a gigantic workshop: the artisans tried their hand at inventing and experimenting with new war machines, encouraged by the tyrant Dionysius who offered rewards and riches for the best.

Where seas and civilisations meet

The Venationes

The Ear of Dionysius and the Grotta dei Cordari

The Culture of Pantalica

The architecture of the Piazza

Byzantine Pantalica

Temple of Apollo

The Senatorial Palace

The Church of San Giovanni alle Catacombe

Syracuse during the tyranny of Dionysius

The Altar of Hieron II: Blood and fire place

The Jews, a wandering people

Neapolis from past to present

The Spanish fortification

Inside the Cathedral of Ortygia

The Museion and the Grotta del Ninfeo

The functions of Castello Maniace

The Athenaion of the tyrant Gelon

The Gladiator performances

The catacombs of San Giovanni

Traces of Christianity in Syracuse

Ortygia. Venus rising from the waters of the port

The Church of St. Lucia to the Abbey

Piazza del Duomo, a sacred place of the ancient Greeks

The Euryalus Fortress

Legends and magic echoes in the Latomie of Syracuse

Roman Syracuse, a military power thanks to the genius of Archimedes

Crypt of San Marciano

King Hyblon’s kingdom: Pantalica, between history and legend

The Greek Theatre of Syracuse

Giudecca, the hidden Jewish heart of Syracuse

Pantalica: where nature and history merge

The cultural significance of tragedy

Castello Maniace

The Roman Amphitheatre

The Cathedral of Syracuse

The Dionysian Walls: a masterpiece of Greek engineering