The system of fortifications from land to sea

The senses tell the Dionysian walls

smell
The underground kitchens of the Fortress

In the Antiquarium located in the archaeological area of the Euryalus Fortress, there are some artefacts found during archaeological excavations in the area.
These objects tell the story of everyday life inside the immense fortress, giving voice to even the quietest spaces such as the underground kitchens, where remains of pottery used by soldiers to eat were found.
As we think about the past, we can imagine that the kitchens were abound with the scent of the dishes served at mealtimes.

touch
Building materials, technical and artisan resources

Visitors to the remains of ancient Greek Syracuse will be impressed by the enormous amount of stone used to build the city.
Syracuse, like most of south-eastern Sicily, is rich in large strata of white limestone.
This material was widely used for civic, religious and military constructions. For defensive constructions, such as the Dionysian Walls, square, often “megalithic” or large blocks were used.
The Greek architects did not use mortar as a binding agent, so the walls were held together by pure gravity and exact processes were important to ensure proper results.
Of these walls, today it is only possible to touch the foundation bed that still runs silently around the city.

hearing
Noisy assaults in underground tunnels

Far from noise, in the silence of these walls you can feel the profound sensation of an emotion that overcomes us and tells us of distant times.
In these places full of memory you can only hear the breeze that rises from the sea and makes the gentle stalks of the dry herbs sway.
Along the dark corridors and tunnels it is easy to imagine the shouting and voices that inevitably accompanied enemy attacks.
Forced into some unexpected blind spot, enemies were intent on occupying a fortress that always concealed surprises, since it could hold more than three thousand soldiers and six hundred knights.

Byzantine Pantalica

The Museion and the Grotta del Ninfeo

Where seas and civilisations meet

Neapolis from past to present

Temple of Apollo

The Cathedral of Syracuse

Piazza del Duomo, a sacred place of the ancient Greeks

The cultural significance of tragedy

The architecture of the Piazza

The Euryalus Fortress

The Spanish fortification

Ortygia. Venus rising from the waters of the port

The Culture of Pantalica

Inside the Cathedral of Ortygia

King Hyblon’s kingdom: Pantalica, between history and legend

The Gladiator performances

The Ear of Dionysius and the Grotta dei Cordari

The Jews, a wandering people

Giudecca, the hidden Jewish heart of Syracuse

The Senatorial Palace

Pantalica: where nature and history merge

The Altar of Hieron II: Blood and fire place

The Dionysian Walls: a masterpiece of Greek engineering

Legends and magic echoes in the Latomie of Syracuse

The Roman Amphitheatre

The Church of St. Lucia to the Abbey

Castello Maniace

Traces of Christianity in Syracuse

The Athenaion of the tyrant Gelon

Crypt of San Marciano

The functions of Castello Maniace

The Church of San Giovanni alle Catacombe

The Venationes

The catacombs of San Giovanni

Roman Syracuse, a military power thanks to the genius of Archimedes

The Greek Theatre of Syracuse

Syracuse during the tyranny of Dionysius