Val Calanna

Val Calanna, the first step towards a single large volcanic structure

Val Calanna is positioned immediately upstream of the town of Zafferana Etnea, in the extreme south-eastern part of the Valle del Bove, and might well be one of the most fascinating historic places in modern Etnean history. The valley takes its name from Mount Calanna, a small round summit covered by recent lava. In reality, these are only the remains of one of the largest eruptive centres in the history of Mount Etna.Val CalannaVal Calanna is bordered by the southern edge of the Valle del Bove , where there is a large and steep escarpment that cuts through the eruptive centres of Monte Fior di Cosimo and the Trifoglietto, formed around 100-80,000 years ago. Exploring the chestnut trees that climb to the top of Monte Fior di Cosimo, then up to Monte Zoccolaro in the district of Cassone di Zafferana Etnea, is one of the most beautiful walks on Etna’s southern flank.
While walking along these paths, you might encounter some big holes in the ground: these are the ancient “nivare” (snowfields). Val Calanna holds a special place in the hearts of all regular visitors to the “Muntagna”, because before 1991 it was one of the most densely wooded places on the eastern flank, with small streams and waterfalls.
val calanna 1991 - 93Today it is harsh and barren, because it was filled by the 1991-93 flow , which just touched the town of Zafferana Etnea. After the one in 1983, it went down in history as humankind’s first rather unsuccessful attempt to divert a lava flow.

Volcanic monitoring and eruption forecasting

The first Etnean volcanic events between Aci Castello and Aci Trezza

Val Calanna, the first step towards a single large volcanic structure

The senses tell The Summit craters

The senses tell Valle del Leone

The eruption of 1928 that destroyed the town of Mascali

The senses tell Val Calanna

Etna, an ever-changing natural laboratory

The senses tell Torre del Filosofo

Torre del Filosofo: at the base of the summit craters (2950 metres)

An ever-evolving volcano

The Etna viewpoint

The 2001 eruption of Mount Etna, where the approach to volcanoes changed

Lachea Island and the Aci Trezza Stacks

The continuous evolution of the Etna summit craters

Etna, the living mountain

Acireale and reconstruction after the 1693 earthquake

Etna, wine terroir of excellence

Summit crater activity between 2011 and 2019

Why did Etna form in that specific geographical position?

Etna: a marvellous group of microclimates and vegetation

The senses tell The Etna viewpoint

The senses tell Acicastello and Acitrezza

The Red Mountains and the destructive eruption of 1669

A fauna context yet to be discovered

The senses tell Acireale

The Grand Tour in Sicily

Valle del Leone and the Elliptical

Empedocles and his passion for Etna

The fault system of the “Timpe” of Acireale

The senses tell The Red Mountains

The 1669 eruption in Catania

The different names of the “Muntagna”

The earthquake that changed the geography of eastern Sicily in 1693

Humankind and the volcano: how should we behave? Volcanic risk

The Elliptical, the first great volcano of Etna

Malavoglia

Acireale and its “timpe”

The Jaci river

The “notches” of snow