Acireale and reconstruction after the 1693 earthquake

As always happens, geology shapes the territory and influences its development. Like the rest of south-eastern Sicily, Acireale suffered heavily from the catastrophic effects of the 1693 earthquake, which destroyed almost every part of it. This earthquake was one of the most energetic and destructive ever recorded in historical times in Italy, so strong that it moved some portions of the majestic Simeto river by as much as 2 metres.
In Acireale, the lava stone typically used in the Etnean area to construct buildings for its hardness and resistance, acquired further value thanks to the skill of the artisans who embellished it with baroque motifs, just like in the Val di Noto with white stone. Today you can admire the magnificent entrance portals of the noble Acesi palaces adorned with masks and corbels with anthropomorphic figures, acanthus leaves and geometric figures. The reconstruction of the city also introduced the use of white Hyblaean stone, which enriches the local architecture by creating a wonderfully scenic contrast with the black of the lava stone.

A fauna yet to be discovered


The 2001 eruption of Etna, when the Mountain seemed to be alive

The senses tell Torre del Filosofo

The senses tell Valle del Leone

Humankind and the volcano: how should we behave? Volcanic risk

The Grand Tour in Sicily

The first volcanic structures of Etna, between Aci Castello and Aci Trezza

An ever-evolving volcano

The Etna viewpoint

Acireale and its “timpe”

Etna: a marvellous group of different types of flora

The senses tell The summit craters

The senses tell The Red Mountains

The continuous evolution of the Etna summit craters

The senses tell The Etna Viewpoint

The Elliptical, the first great volcano of Etna

The world’s first (almost successful) attempt to stop a lava flow: the eruption of 1991-93

The eruption of 1928 that destroyed the town of Mascali

Lachea Island and the Aci Trezza Stacks

The 1669 eruption in Catania

Acireale and reconstruction after the 1693 earthquake

Valle del Leone and the Elliptical

Torre del Filosofo: at the base of the summit craters (2950 metres)

The Red Mountains and the destructive eruption of 1669

Empedocles and his passion for Etna

The different names of the “Muntagna”

The Jaci river

Val Calanna, the first step towards a single large volcanic structure

The senses tell Acireale

Etna, a natural laboratory where experiments can be carried out

Why is Etna one of the most studied volcanoes in the world?

The “notches” of snow

The senses tell Val Calanna

The living mountain

Summit crater activity between 2011 and 2019

The senses tell Acicastello and Acitrezza

The fault system of the “Timpe” of Acireale

The earthquake that changed the geography of eastern Sicily in 1693