Val Calanna

The senses tell Val Calanna

Between Sea and Mountain

On our route, the Val Calanna, and in particular the top of Monte Fior di Cosimo or Monte Zoccolaro, is the first point where we can observe a large part of eastern Sicily.


For most of the year, the Val Calanna is covered by a yellow and green blanket of broom. Take the chance to smell its fragrant yellow flowers.

Etna heritage apples

The Val Calanna is an area where you can still find some Etna heritage apples, which are a little smaller than we are used to, but really tasty!

The smooth lava!

Try to venture a little into the flow from 1991-93, at the beginning of the Val Calanna. You will find completely smooth areas, as though they were artificially built roads: these are portions of “pahoehoe” lava, which in Hawaiian means “smooth, unbroken lava”. Give it a try!

The explosions of the central craters in the distance

The Val Calanna and, more generally, the Valle del Bove, are far from inhabited centres. Find somewhere comfortable to sit and at some point you will hear your first explosion from the summit craters!

The senses tell The Etna Viewpoint

Etna: a marvellous group of different types of flora

The world’s first (almost successful) attempt to stop a lava flow: the eruption of 1991-93

The living mountain

A fauna yet to be discovered

An ever-evolving volcano

The senses tell Acicastello and Acitrezza

Acireale and its “timpe”

The senses tell Val Calanna

The Grand Tour in Sicily

The continuous evolution of the Etna summit craters

Etna, a natural laboratory where experiments can be carried out

The “notches” of snow

The senses tell Acireale

Empedocles and his passion for Etna

Lachea Island and the Aci Trezza Stacks

The first volcanic structures of Etna, between Aci Castello and Aci Trezza

The different names of the “Muntagna”

The senses tell Torre del Filosofo

Valle del Leone and the Elliptical


The 2001 eruption of Etna, when the Mountain seemed to be alive

The senses tell The Red Mountains

The 1669 eruption in Catania

Summit crater activity between 2011 and 2019

The Etna viewpoint

Acireale and reconstruction after the 1693 earthquake

The fault system of the “Timpe” of Acireale

The Red Mountains and the destructive eruption of 1669

Why is Etna one of the most studied volcanoes in the world?

The Jaci river

The senses tell The summit craters

The earthquake that changed the geography of eastern Sicily in 1693

The Elliptical, the first great volcano of Etna

Torre del Filosofo: at the base of the summit craters (2950 metres)

Val Calanna, the first step towards a single large volcanic structure

The eruption of 1928 that destroyed the town of Mascali

The senses tell Valle del Leone

Humankind and the volcano: how should we behave? Volcanic risk