The Jaci river

Thanks to their permeability, the vulcanites of the Timpa form an important reservoir for the groundwater of this portion of the Sicilian east coast. In some places these waters come to the surface, creating springs mostly around sea level. One of these is called “Sorgente Miuccio”, which is said to be what remains of the Jaci river, a waterway now mostly underground and also mentioned by Ovid . These waters are inextricably linked to the mythological love story between the nymph Galatea and the shepherd boy Acis .
The name of the shepherd refers to the river, initially known by the Greeks as Akis. Subsequently, it was mentioned by Muhammad al-Idrisi, the famous cartographer of King Roger II, by the name of Aci. This name identified not only the river but an entire area on which nine towns and municipalities would later form, using the same prefix: Acireale, Aci Catena, Aci Castello, Aci Trezza, Aci Platani, Aci Santa Lucia, Aci Bonaccorsi, Aci San Filippo and Aci Sant’Antonio.

The continuous evolution of the Etna summit craters

The different names of the “Muntagna”

The senses tell Val Calanna

Valle del Leone and the Elliptical

Etna: a marvellous group of microclimates and vegetation


A fauna context yet to be discovered

The senses tell Acireale

An ever-evolving volcano

The Elliptical, the first great volcano of Etna

The Red Mountains and the destructive eruption of 1669

The earthquake that changed the geography of eastern Sicily in 1693

Acireale and reconstruction after the 1693 earthquake

The 2001 eruption of Mount Etna, where the approach to volcanoes changed

Volcanic monitoring and eruption forecasting

The eruption of 1928 that destroyed the town of Mascali

Etna, the living mountain

The senses tell Valle del Leone

The senses tell Torre del Filosofo

Empedocles and his passion for Etna

Why did Etna form in that specific geographical position?

The senses tell The Summit craters

The “notches” of snow

The senses tell The Red Mountains

The Jaci river

The fault system of the “Timpe” of Acireale

The 1669 eruption in Catania

Summit crater activity between 2011 and 2019

Humankind and the volcano: how should we behave? Volcanic risk

The Grand Tour in Sicily

Lachea Island and the Aci Trezza Stacks

Acireale and its “timpe”

Etna, wine terroir of excellence

The senses tell Acicastello and Acitrezza

The first Etnean volcanic events between Aci Castello and Aci Trezza

Torre del Filosofo: at the base of the summit craters (2950 metres)

The Etna viewpoint

Etna, an ever-changing natural laboratory

The senses tell The Etna viewpoint

Val Calanna, the first step towards a single large volcanic structure