The Red Mountains

The senses tell The Red Mountains

The route of the 1669 flow

It is strange that two hills that are so green destroyed almost half the city of Catania. Climb to the top of the Red Mountains and try to follow the flow’s path to the sea!

The mushrooms of Etna

If you are a licensed mushroom expert, there is no better place to hunt for porcini mushrooms, which are excellent typical products of Etna.

The undergrowth

The undergrowth of the chestnut grove of the Red Mountains is rich in vegetation. Try to focus on its aroma alone!

Watch out for the chestnuts

If you touch the undergrowth or walk in flat shoes, be careful of the chestnut shells; they are like real hedgehogs! Try to hold a few in your hand without pricking yourself and you will realise just how well the chestnut tree defends its fruits.

Etna: a marvellous group of different types of flora

Val Calanna, the first step towards a single large volcanic structure

The senses tell The summit craters

Acireale and its “timpe”

The senses tell Acicastello and Acitrezza

The world’s first (almost successful) attempt to stop a lava flow: the eruption of 1991-93

The senses tell Torre del Filosofo

The eruption of 1928 that destroyed the town of Mascali

The living mountain

Valle del Leone and the Elliptical

The 2001 eruption of Etna, when the Mountain seemed to be alive

The Red Mountains and the destructive eruption of 1669

The earthquake that changed the geography of eastern Sicily in 1693

The senses tell Valle del Leone

The Grand Tour in Sicily

The Elliptical, the first great volcano of Etna

An ever-evolving volcano

Summit crater activity between 2011 and 2019

Humankind and the volcano: how should we behave? Volcanic risk

Why is Etna one of the most studied volcanoes in the world?

The Etna viewpoint

Etna, a natural laboratory where experiments can be carried out

The first volcanic structures of Etna, between Aci Castello and Aci Trezza

The senses tell Acireale

The fault system of the “Timpe” of Acireale

The senses tell Val Calanna

Lachea Island and the Aci Trezza Stacks

Torre del Filosofo: at the base of the summit craters (2950 metres)

Empedocles and his passion for Etna


The different names of the “Muntagna”

The continuous evolution of the Etna summit craters

The “notches” of snow

A fauna yet to be discovered

The Jaci river

The 1669 eruption in Catania

The senses tell The Etna Viewpoint

Acireale and reconstruction after the 1693 earthquake

The senses tell The Red Mountains