The spaces of private life

The wellness centres of the Romans

Already known by the acronym SPA , the first spas in Rome appeared in the 1st century BC, even if the wealthiest families had made a habit, originally Greek, of building a bathroom in their private homes since the 3rd century.
In Rome, with time, more and more thermal baths began to be built.
The baths could be private, run by profit-making managers, or public, entrusted to the management of an individual but with guaranteed free access to the facilities, with pre-established tariffs for individual services. The public facilities were initially characterised by great promiscuity, so much so that in the age of Hadrian, separate access for women and men was introduced: morning for the former, afternoon or evening for the latter.
Though installation of a bathroom for personal hygiene was a concept taken from Greek culture, the Romans were the first to associate the thermal baths with sports activities and the cleanliness of bodies with their well-being. It was also common use to build areas dedicated to sports activities in the spa facilities, such as gymnastics rooms or playing fields , which were usually accessed from a portico which overlooked, in larger complexes, even libraries and reading rooms.
In fact, the physical culture was associated with intellectual curiosity, and this was where the greatness of the ancient Romans lay. Mens sana in corpore sano is a concept made explicit by Juvenal that can still be defined as contemporary even today.

The forum in the city of the Akragantines

Mens sana in corpore sano: the gymnasium of Agrigento

The cult of the Emperor

The Hellenistic-Roman quarter

The driver of Agrigentum’s well-being

Hellenistic heritage on the streets of Agrigentum

The Romans settle in Agrigentum

The tomb of Theron

Works for the muses: the mosaics of the Hellenistic-Roman quarter

Roman affairs

Politics comparison: Akragas and Agrigentum

A Sanctuary for the Latin gods

The gods of Agrigento

From Akragas to Agrigentum

The sarcophagus of the Child

The Punic Wars and the final conquest of Akragas

The theatre of origins

The domus, guardians of private life

Vegetation in the Gardens

The life of young people in Roman times

The provincial layout of Sicily

Cicero’s account: Agrigentum in In Verrem

Breathing in world heritage together

Moments of leisure: the theatre

The Oratory of Phalaris

The Kolymbetra Garden

The centre of politics in Agrigentum

The ancient port of Agrigentum

The Living Almond Museum

The wellness centres of the Romans

The Roman necropolis

An exceptional discovery: the thermal baths of Agrigentum