The spaces of private life

The wellness centres of the Romans

Already known by the acronym SPA , the first spas in Rome appeared in the 1st century BC, even if the wealthiest families had made a habit, originally Greek, of building a bathroom in their private homes since the 3rd century.
In Rome, with time, more and more thermal baths began to be built.
The baths could be private, run by profit-making managers, or public, entrusted to the management of an individual but with guaranteed free access to the facilities, with pre-established tariffs for individual services. The public facilities were initially characterised by great promiscuity, so much so that in the age of Hadrian, separate access for women and men was introduced: morning for the former, afternoon or evening for the latter.
Though installation of a bathroom for personal hygiene was a concept taken from Greek culture, the Romans were the first to associate the thermal baths with sports activities and the cleanliness of bodies with their well-being. It was also common use to build areas dedicated to sports activities in the spa facilities, such as gymnastics rooms or playing fields , which were usually accessed from a portico which overlooked, in larger complexes, even libraries and reading rooms.
In fact, the physical culture was associated with intellectual curiosity, and this was where the greatness of the ancient Romans lay. Mens sana in corpore sano is a concept made explicit by Juvenal that can still be defined as contemporary even today.

An exceptional discovery: the thermal baths of Agrigentum

Works for the muses: the mosaics of the Hellenistic-Roman quarter

Hellenistic heritage on the streets of Agrigentum

From Akragas to Agrigentum

Moments of leisure: the theatre

Roman affairs

The gods of Agrigento

The cult of the Emperor

The forum in the city of the Akragantines

The driver of Agrigentum’s well-being

The Kolymbetra Garden

The Hellenistic-Roman quarter

The provincial layout of Sicily

Mens sana in corpore sano: the gymnasium of Agrigento

The domus, guardians of private life

The tomb of Theron

Cicero’s account: Agrigentum in In Verrem

The theatre of origins

The Living Almond Museum

A Sanctuary for the Latin gods

Politics comparison: Akragas and Agrigentum

The Oratory of Phalaris

The Roman necropolis

The sarcophagus of the Child

The Romans settle in Agrigentum

The Punic Wars and the final conquest of Akragas

The ancient port of Agrigentum

The centre of politics in Agrigentum

Breathing in world heritage together

Vegetation in the Gardens

The wellness centres of the Romans

The life of young people in Roman times