Agrigento from Greeks to Romans

The Punic Wars and the final conquest of Akragas

After the First Punic War, general Himilco succeeded in re-establishing Carthaginian rule over Agrigento, a period that lasted only until the Second Punic War (218-202 BC), when Roman power was consolidated in Sicily once and for all: in a short time, all the cities were once again forced to surrender and, this time, not even Syracuse could escape Roman power.
The decisive battle was won at Zama by Scipio Africanus in 202 BC, but in 210 BC Roman soldiers had already settled within the walls of Agrigento, which then fell under Roman rule. For many inhabitants of the city, aligned with the Carthaginians, it was a tragic event accompanied by great sorrow, told by touching testimonies of several historians of the time: many citizens, including the most illustrious, were frustrated and beheaded by the Roman conquerors; others were sold as slaves and the city was plundered of its ornaments and riches.
At the end of the war, Agrigentum, partially depopulated following the disastrous events, was named civitas decumana .
The Third Punic war (149-146 BC) did not directly involve Sicily, but saw the complete defeat of Carthage, culminating in the total destruction of the city and the sowing of salt on its ruins – an event never confirmed by any historical source.

The gods of Agrigento

Works for the muses: the mosaics of the Hellenistic-Roman quarter

The Oratory of Phalaris

The Punic Wars and the final conquest of Akragas

The wellness centres of the Romans

The Kolymbetra Garden

The driver of Agrigentum’s well-being

Mens sana in corpore sano: the gymnasium of Agrigento

The Living Almond Museum

The sarcophagus of the Child

The tomb of Theron

Roman affairs

The Romans settle in Agrigentum

The cult of the Emperor

The provincial layout of Sicily

The Hellenistic-Roman quarter

Cicero’s account: Agrigentum in In Verrem

Moments of leisure: the theatre

The life of young people in Roman times

The ancient port of Agrigentum

Vegetation in the Gardens

Politics comparison: Akragas and Agrigentum

An exceptional discovery: the thermal baths of Agrigentum

From Akragas to Agrigentum

Breathing in world heritage together

The Roman necropolis

Hellenistic heritage on the streets of Agrigentum

The theatre of origins

The domus, guardians of private life

The forum in the city of the Akragantines

A Sanctuary for the Latin gods

The centre of politics in Agrigentum