Gens, common roots

In ancient Rome, the term gens meant several families who had a common origin.
The gens were a fundamental institution during the Roman monarchy, when they were made up only of patricians whose power was based on land possession.
The first Roman senate was composed only of members of the gentes, so much so that the plebeians, eager to enter the political life of the city, also began to form gentes in order to gain access to the senate.