Law no. 77 of 20 February 2006 “Special measures for the protection and fruition of Italian cultural, landscape and natural sites and elements, inscribed on the “World Heritage List”, under the protection of UNESCO” as is currently worded, is the result of amendments made by Law no. 44 of 8 March 2017, which extended the scope of application of this law to the Intangible Heritage Elements of the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage adopted in Paris on 17 October 2003.
In its original wording, and until these latest amendments, the measures of the Law exclusively addressed the Sites inscribed in the List provided for by the 1972 Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage.
The law reaffirms that the Sites and Elements inscribed in the Lists provided for by the two UNESCO Conventions, due to their uniqueness, are points of excellence of the Italian cultural, landscape and natural heritage, as well as founding elements of Italy’s representation at international level.
The law also formally recognised the Management and Safeguarding Plans required by UNESCO as tools to ensure the conservation of the Sites and Elements respectively and to create the conditions for their promotion (art. 3).
It also provides for funding for the promotion, communication and fruition of those Sites and Elements (art. 4). The activities and the amount allocated to them are established by Decree of the Italian Minister for Cultural Heritage and Activities, in agreement with the Italian Minister for Environment, Land and Sea Protection, the Italian Minister of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies and Tourism and the Standing Conference for Relations between the Italian State, Regions and Autonomous Provinces of Trento and Bolzano. The obligations related to implementation of the Law are overseen by the MiBAC, Secretariat-General – Service I, which also offers technical and administrative support.
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