Verismo (meaning realism in Italian) was a literary movement established approximately between 1875 and 1895 by Giovanni Verga and Luigi Capuana, in collaboration with other writers.
Verismo came at a cultural substratum when there was absolute faith in science, the experimental method and the infallible tools of scientific research. For the veristi writers, literature had to portray social and human reality objectively, by strictly representing its classes, including the most humble ones, in every condition, even if unpleasant. The authors would act like scientists, analysing the tangible aspects of life.