The underground trenches of the Euryalus Fortress in Fascist Italy

The Euryalus Fortress was also the backdrop to more recent events.
In 1941, during the Second World War, it was necessary to transform the underground tunnels of the Fortress into a shelter to protect the archaeological collections of the Paolo Orsi Museum from bombing.
Numerous wagons carried the boxes containing the Museum’s archaeological finds, which were then carried on people’s shoulders into the tunnels of the Fortress.
This was also done for other collections of works of art and archaeological finds in this period, while the city’s numerous underground complexes were transformed into air-raid shelters.