After the ruinous end for Carthage in the First Punic War, it decided to consolidate its trade role by expanding its rule in Spain.
In the meantime, the Romans had entered into an alliance treaty with Sagunto, a Spanish city that had requested protection from the Carthaginian threat.
The siege of Hannibal at Sagunto and the city’s fall immediately drove the Romans to intervene.
So began the Second Punic War, fought between Rome and Carthage between 218 BC and 202 BC, first in Europe then in Africa.
A battle that finally saw the defeat of Hannibal at Zama, and the victory of the Roman general Scipio, who was nicknamed “the African”.