The Nobel Prize is an important award given to those who have carried out exceptional research, invented revolutionary techniques or equipment or made exceptional contributions to society.
Each year prizes are awarded in the following areas: chemistry, economics, physics, literature, medicine and peace. It was founded by Alfred Nobel, a Swedish industrialist and the inventor of dynamite.
The first prizes were awarded in 1901 in Stockholm, where they are still held today.
The exception is the Nobel Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo.