Apollo was one of the most revered gods of Olympus. In mythology Apollo is associated with the shining sun and therefore with light, the source of life.
According to myth, Apollo was the son of Leto and Zeus, born in the sacred sea of the island of Delos, together with his twin sister Artemis, the Latin Diana.
Apollo Lyceus or Lycean Apollo is a sculpture attributed to Praxiteles and today exists only through a Roman copy from the 1st century BC.
The statue, which was placed inside the Lyceum of Athens, depicted the god leaning against a column, with his bow held in his left hand and his right hand folded over his head, in a resting position after exertion.
The name seems to derive from the island of Lycia, known as the country of light, where according to the Saga of Delos, Apollo stayed during winter.
The god’s return in spring was celebrated on the island of Delos with the Delia festivals.